Using dialogue really makes writing interesting. Commas are used to set off/separate the exact words of a speaker from the rest of the sentence.

      

 There are rules for using commas in quotes.

1. Begin quotations with a capital letter.

2. Quotation marks always come in pairs and are used to set off a speaker's exact words. 

3. If the quote comes before the person who spoke and tells something, place a comma after the quote, before the closing quotation mark.

Example: "Today we are going to study about the water cycle," the teacher told the class    

4. If the quote comes after the person who spoke and tells something, place the comma after the person who spoke, before the opening quotation mark.

Example: Amber said, "We use water for so many things."

5. If the quote comes before the speaker and asks something, then a question mark is used in place of the comma.

Example: "Why don't we ever run out of water?" Sam asked.

6. If the quote comes after the person who spoke and asks something, place the comma after the person who spoke.

Example: Mrs. Jones responded, "Why don't you read about it in your science book?"

7. If the quote uses strong emotion, use an exclamation mark in place of the comma

Example: "It would be awful if we did run out of water!" Mary exclaimed.

8. If the quote comes after the person who spoke and uses strong emotion, place the comma after the person who spoke.

Example: Mark chirped in, "With evaporation, condensation, and precipitation occurring all the time, we will never run out of water!"

  

9. A quote separated by the person who spoke is called a split quotation. Begin the first part of a split quotation with a capital letter, and end with a comma. Place a comma after the person who spoke and begin the second part of a split quotation with a lower case letter. Enclose both parts of the split quotation with quotation marks.

Example: "Yes class," the teacher explained, "the water cycle provides us with the water we need and it never ends."

Now let's practice using commas in quotes!

 

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